The principle of net neutrality is the one that guarantees all users access to the same service, regardless of the price of the subscription. This principle guarantees non-discrimination, thus obliging Internet service providers to treat all data passing through the network in the same way. For example, they do not have the right to block or slow down one type of content for the benefit of another.
This principle was enshrined in law in 2015 by the Obama administration and in 2016 by the European Union. It has been the subject of several complaints from companies such as AT&T, Verizon and Comcast, which believed they faced difficulties in effectively regulating Internet traffic and said they were discouraged from investing in capacity development.
These complaints, combined with several other elements, led to the organization of a popular consultation before being voted on within the FCC. After the vote was taken, the bill to abolish this principle was adopted as intended by the majority. However, during the public consultation period, it was noted that the data collection system was the victim of cyber attacks. An FCC announcement was made to make the public understand that these attacks were repelled without incident.
But rather, this announcement would have raised a lot of suspicions about the credibility of this consultation. The New York Attorney General’s Office opened an investigation whose results would reveal nearly 9.5 million comments that would appear to have been made using the names and addresses of third parties. The FCC is currently facing several lawsuits against it by several entities for reasons that raise questions. As the investigations are still ongoing, it is not yet possible to make a decision on whether or not the abolition of this principle will be called into question.